Basic Science

  • History and philosophy of science.
  • Gross and functional anatomy, including basic embryology, neuroanatomy and visceral anatomy.
  • Fundamental bacteriology, fundamental biochemistry, fundamental cellular physiology.
  • Physiology with special emphasis on the neuroendocrine immune network, the autonomic nervous system, the arterial, lymphatic and venous systems and the musculoskeletal system.
  • Bio-mechanics and kinetics.

Clinical Science

  • Models of health and disease.
  • Safety and ethics.
  • Basic pathology and pathophysiology of the nervous, musculoskeletal, psychiatric, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, reproductive, genitourinary, immunological, endocrine and otolaryngology systems.
  • Basic orthopaedic diagnosis.
  • Basic radiology.
  • Nutrition.
  • Basic emergency care.

Osteopathic Science

  • Philosophy and history of osteopathy.
  • Osteopathic models for structure/function interrelationships.
  • Clinical bio-mechanics, joint physiology and kinetics.
  • Mechanisms of action for osteopathic techniques.

Practical Skills

  • Obtaining and using an age-appropriate history.
  • Physical and clinical examination.
  • Osteopathic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the nervous, musculoskeletal, psychiatric, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, genitourinary, immunological, reproductive and otolaryngology systems.
  • General synthesis of basic laboratory and imaging data.
  • Clinical problem-solving and reasoning.
  • Understanding of relevant research and its integration into practice.
  • Communication and interviewing.
  • Clinical documentation.
  • Basic life-support and first-aid care.

Osteopathic Skills

  • Osteopathic diagnosis.
  • Osteopathic techniques, including direct techniques such as thrust, articulatory, muscle energy and general osteopathic techniques.
  • Indirect techniques, including functional techniques and counterstrain.
  • Balancing techniques, such as balanced ligamentous tension and ligamentous articulatory strain.
  • Combined techniques, including myofascial/fascial release, Still technique, osteopathy in the cranial field, involuntary mechanism and visceral techniques.
  • Reflex-based techniques, such as Chapman’s reflexes, trigger points and neuromuscular techniques.
  • Fluid-based techniques, such as lymphatic pump techniques.

Practical Supervised Clinical Experience

Osteopathic manipulative treatment is a distinctive component of osteopathy. It requires both cognitive and sensory motor skills, and knowledge, and the development of these clinical and manual skills requires time and practice.

Supervised clinical practice is an essential component of the training of osteopathic practitioners and should take place in an appropriate osteopathic clinical environment so that high-quality clinical support and teaching can be provided. This will include a minimum of 1000 hours of supervised clinical practice.